Drug addiction is a chronic disease in which a person has an uncontrollable urge to seek out a drug repeatedly even though it causes harmful consequences and has long lasting changes in the brain. This addiction is also a disease in which a person relapses often, making it hard to treat without the correct treatment program.
Addiction affects the reward and motivation sections of the brain as well and the learning and memory center and behavior control. Each of these factors needs to be addressed in a course of treatment for drug addiction. The plan is to have an addict stop using drugs, stay drug-free and become once again productive in all facets of life including work, family and in society.
An all inclusive treatment plan involves detox first along with behavioral counseling. Medications may be prescribed for the addiction while evaluation and treatment programs are implemented for mental health plans to treat depression and anxiety which often occur simultaneously with drug addition. An addict needs a long-term plan of follow up care to prevent relapses.
An all inclusive drug rehabilitation program has many counseling sessions to help a patient recovery. Most programs include group counseling where patients meet in a group setting and discuss addiction and recovery actions. Individual counseling goes hand in hand with group counseling and is important because each addict’s case is different and each one needs a program tailored specifically to his or her needs. Family therapy includes all family members in conjunction with the addict and a counselor. This helps the family model to learn triggers and be able to spot if an addict is relapsing as well as help them understand that addiction is a disease, not only a behavior. Some patients respond well to a 12-step program for addiction in which they follow each of the steps to arrive at a point to refuse their drug or drugs of choice.
An entire staff should be available to an addict for successful treatment programs. Services needed are for mental health, medical, educational, legal, family and vocational services. All aspects of an addicts life needs to be addresses in order to help them.
There are many things to remember when looking for a drug addiction treatment program for yourself or a loved one who is seeking help. Addiction is a disease that is complex but treatable. Treatment programs should be hand tailored to each individual’s needs and not a one size fits all program. A drug addict has to remain in treatment for the recommended time after they are evaluated for a program to work for them. A treatment plan has to be reviewed very often as a patient is getting better to keep up with their ever-changing needs and modification. Medical detoxification is only the first step to recovery and isn’t a complete treatment plan. Treatment should include testing the addict for infectious diseases such as hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. If any of these diseases are also present, additional medical care will be needed.